Famous Historical places in India
Famous Historical places in India
India is rich in culture, heritage, tradition, palaces. Some of the best Indian monuments are described in this post.
Taj Mahal, Agra
Taj Mahal is one of the beautiful monument which is located on the bank of river Yamuna of city Agra. Taj Mahal was built in the combination of Mughal, persian, Turkish, Indian architectural style. It is one of the eight wonders of world. It was built by Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz. It took around 22years to complete the structure of this monument.
Humayun’s Tomb is a beautiful combination of Indian and Persian architecture and is one of the famous historical places in India. Humayun’s wife Hamida Banu Begum commissioned the building of this tomb for her husband in the 15th century. It is Constructed out of red sandstone, the Humayun’s Tomb was the first ever garden style tomb to be constructed in India. Several famous mughal are burried here. Humayun’s Tomb is inspiration for Taj Mahal.
Golden Temple is located in Amritsar, which is the holiest place for Sikhs.It is one of the most sacred places in India, a Holy Granth Sahib is always present inside the temple. This temple is symbol of human brotherhood and equality. Golden temple has a unique Sikh architecture.
Red Fort was constructed by Shah Jahan when he shifted his capital from Agra to Delhi and it was known as Qila-e-Mubarak. This octagonal fort is one of the most important and famous historical place in North India. This is the place where President of India gives speech on Independence day. This fort has number of gates known as Lahori Gate,Delhi Gate,Water Gate and Khas Mahal, Rang Mahal and Mumtaz Mahal in the complex.
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosque in India and is one among 10 most popular mosque in India. This mosque has three great gates is which constructed of strips of red sandstone and white marble. Jama Masjid was constructed by Shah Jahan when he decided change his capital from Agra to Delhi.The mosque was designed by architect Ustad Khalil and it took 6 years to be completed.
Fatehpur Sikri, Agra
Fatehpur Sikri situated near the city Agra. It is an important specimen of Mughal Dynasty. Fatehpur Sikri was capital city of Mughal dynasty before Agra. This city has a fort which is the blend of Mughal and persian architecture. Fatehpur Sikri is considered as one of the architectural legacies of Emperor Akbar. It consists of beautiful palaces, halls, and mosques. Some of the major monuments in Fatehpur Sikri are:Buland Darwaza,Diwan-i-Khas- Hall,Panch Mahal,Tomb of Salim Chisti, Palace of Jodha Bai, Birbal Bhawan, Diwan-i-Aam and Karawan Serai.
Mahabodhi Temple, Bodh Gaya
Mahabodhi temples are one of the four holy grounds of Buddhism. This is the place where the Buddha is said to have attained enlightenment while meditating under a tree. The Bodhi tree is the descendant of the Fig tree and lies just near the temple. This temple was built by Asoka in the 3rd century BC. This temple has a massive statue of Buddha touching the earth with his right hand. Mahabodhi Temple along with Bodhi Tree completes the holy pilgrimage to Bodhgaya.
The Victorial Memorial was built in the memory of Queen Victoria. Now it is a museum and one of the most attraction place in the Kolkata city. Victoria Memorial Hall is a large marble building with gardens,royal gallery and dome. This museum has a great collection of manuscripts,paintings,scultures of british period.
Qutub Minar is one of the famous historical places in India and it got this name from Qutb-ud-din Aibak who was the first Muslim ruler of North India. Qutab Minar is the second tallest minar in India. The Qutub Minar is surrounded by several historically significant monuments known as the Iron Pillar of Delhi, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Alai Darwaza, the Tomb of Iltutmish, Alai Minar, Ala-ud-din’s Madrasa and Tomb, and the Tomb of Imam Zamin.The Qutub Minar complex has an iron pillar that has not rusted even after 2000 years.
Hawa Mahal, Jaipur
Hawa Mahal is also called as palace of winds, which is situated in the heart of pink city Jaipur, Rajastan. It is a pyramid shaped five story palace constructed by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh for women of royal families. The main architect of this palace built of red and pink sandstone, is Lal Chand Ustad and the palace is believed to have been constructed in the form of the crown of Krishna. It is one of the major tourist attraction of Rajastan.
Amer Fort was built by Maan Singh, a trusted general of Akbar. Later Maan Singh started ruling surrounding of the fort which was called Amer State. The Amer Fort was built in red sandstone and marble and the Maotha Lake adds a certain charm to the entire Fort. Amer Fort is main tourist attraction of Jaipur and it is known for its artistic Hindu Style elements. Amer Fort is little away from Jaipur.
Jaisalmer Fort is also known as Sonar Quila locally. It is one of the largest forts in the world located in Jaisalmer City in Rajasthan, India. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the Sonar Quila or Golden Fort. The delicate blend of Islamic and Rajput architectural style will definitely catch the eyeballs which looks stunning during the night.
Kumbhalgarh Fort is the most important fort of Rajasthan located 64kms from Udaipur.Kumbhalgarh Fort was built by Maharana Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. One of the most important reasons stated for it is the aggressive or the hostile landscape of the fort. A thick wall that is 36Kms long surrounds this remarkable fort. The perimeter of the wall is assumed to be the longest after the Great Wall Of China. The wall stretches across the Aravali Mountains. The fort is about 1100m high from the sea level and offers a marvelous view of the surrounding area. The main attractions of the fort consist of mesmerizing palaces along with about 360 different types of temples inside it with 300 being the Jain temples and the remaining being the Hindu temples.It is also said that the Maharana of Kumbhalgarh failed to build the fort’s wall for several times. Then later after they consulted a pilgrim about this problem, he advised that them to behead him and to build up a temple wherever his head fell. He also asked them to build the wall where his body laid. Following his advice the wall, which is the second largest wall in the world, was built.
Jallianwala Bagh is near the Golden Temple in Amritsar, It is the sad site in the India’s history and struggle for freedom. On April 13, 1919, British troops opened fire on a large group of more than 10,000 unarmed protesters.It is also known as the Amritsar Massacre. The British didn’t give any warning of the shooting. Official records indicate that about 400 people were killed and another 1,200 injured.
Rani ki Vav, Gujarat
Rani kivav is a stepwell located in the town of Patan in Gujarat, India. It was included in the list of UNESCO’s World Heritage Site on 22 June 2014. This was built in the last decades of the eleventh century by Queen Udayamati in a memory of her husband Bhimadeva-1 of the Caulukya dynasty. Most of the sculptures are in devotion to Vishnu in his ten avatars Kalki, Rama, Mahisasurmardini, Narsinh, Vaman, Varahi and Nagkanya, Yogini beautiful women – Apsara showcasing 16 different styles of make-up to look more attractive called Solah-shringar.Rani-Ki-Vav is now considered as the queen among the step wells of India. It is said that the size of the Rani Ki Vav is so huge that the tourists appear as ants when climbing an anthill.
Sanchi Stupa, Madhya Pradesh
Sanchi, is also known as Kakanaya, Kakanava, Kakanadabota and Bota-Sriparvata in ancient times.This place has a beautiful evidence for Buddhist art and architecture right from the early Mauryan period (c. third century BC to twelfth century AD). Sanchi is famous in the world for stupas, monolithic Asokan pillar, temples, monasteries and sculptural wealth. This famous historical place in India was built by Lord Asoka in the 3rd century B.C for Emperor Asoka. The Dome of the Stupa signifies the wheel of law and this stupa is actually considered as a symbol of Buddha’s freedom the circle of life and death.
Khajuraho is a small town located in the Bundelkhand region in Madhya Pradesh. It is a amazing example of Indian architecture and culture in the medieval period. It was built between 950 to 1050 AD which represent architecture of Hindus are jain temples that shows innocent form of love.It is presumed that it was every Chandella ruler has built atleast one temple in his lifetime. So all Khajuraho Temples are not constructed by any single Chandella ruler but Temple building was a tradition of Chandella rulers and followed by almost all rulers of Chandella dynasty.
Konark Sun Temple
The Konark Sun temple id dedicated to Lord Sun. It was built 1250 AD by East Ganga King Narasimhadeva. It was built to celebrate military success against Muslims invades.The Konark Sun Temple is the most popular tourist destination in Orissa and has been a World Heritage Site since 1984. This temple is in the form of chariot with 12 pairs of wheels carved in stone and 7 horses. Konark is just 33kms from Puri.
Ajanta and Ellora Caves
Ajanta and Ellora are most important tourist places that one must visit. There are 34 caves at Ellora which built around 6th and 11th centuries and 29 caves at Ajanta, built between 2nd and 6th centuries. Ajanta caves are famous for their sculpture and paintings whereas Ellora caves are famous for their awesome architecture.
Even though Ajanta and Ellora caves are famous for Buddhist monuments, there are also Hindu temples to visit.
Charminar is most popular historical place located in Hyderabad. The word Charminar means 4 pillers, which is built in indo-islamic style. The fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah built the Charminar in 1591 century, after Shifting his capital from golkunda to Hyderabad. The Charminar is in a square shape, with the four minarets in each of the corners. The sides measure 20 meters each, and the minarets stand at a height of 48.7 meters from the ground. Every side of the Charminar opens into a plaza and through giant arches that overlook four major thoroughfares.
Meenakshi Amman Temple, Madurai
Meenakshi Amman temple is located in Madurai, Tamil Nadu.This temple is dedicated to the Hindu deities Parvati and Lord Shiva. Meenakshi Amman Temple is a built in typical Dravidian style with prominent Gopuram that reaches almost 50 meters high. It is said that the temple was destroyed in the 14th century by the Muslim raider Malik Kafur who looted the temple of its valuables. Restoration was undertaken by the Nayak ruler Vishwanatha Nayakar around the 16th century. It was Vishwanatha Nayak who rebuilt the temple in accordance to shilpa shastra. The current structure was built during the 17th century, although the temple has existed since ancient times.
Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu
Mahabalipuram is also known as Mamallapuram is situated in Kancheepuram district and 60 km off Chennai on the Bay of Bengal coast in Tamil Nadu. Mahabalipuram was flourishing port town of the Pallava rulers of south India who chiseled in stone a fabulous “open-air museum” of sculpture. Most of the temples and rock carvings of this place were built during the period of Narsinha Varman I and Narsinha Varman II . Initial kings of Pallava dynasty were followers of Jainism, the conversion of Mahendra Varman (AD 600-630) to Shaivism led most of the monuments to be related with Shiva or Vishnu. Places to visit in Mahabalipuram are Arjuna’s Penance,Thirukadalmallai,Cave Temples,Shore Temple, Pancha Rathas.
The Mysore Palace or Amba Vilas Palace is a famous and historical palace in the city of Mysore, Karnataka. Mysore is commonly described as the City of Palaces. This palace is one of the most visited monuments in India and it is major attraction for foreign tourists.It is combination of Hindu, Muslim, gothic and Rajput styles of architecture. It is combination of Hindu, Muslim, gothic and Rajput styles of architecture.
Hampi is situated on the banks of the river Tungabhadra, which was ruled by greatest empires of Vijayanagar. Hampi was richest and largest city during its prime time. Hampi has most significant buildings and places that explains architectural importance of Vijayanagar kingdom. The Virupaksha temple is the most important building in Hampi. Other places are Vijayavittala temple, elephant stables, Hampi Bazar, Monolith Bull,Old Palace, Matanga Hill, Archeological Museum, Lotus Palace,Hazara Rama temple, Lakshmi Narasimha temple which are build in Vijayanagara style of architecture.